Specimen Information

See our Specimen Quality Standard

See our Fees

Specimen Types:

Fairfax Cryobank has frozen donor sperm specimens specifically prepared for three types of procedures; direct intrauterine insemination (IUI/IUI ART or prewashed), intracervical insemination (ICI/ICI ART or standard) and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). IUI and IUI ART ready frozen donor sperm has been prepared by washing the fresh ejaculate specimen to remove the seminal plasma contents prior to freezing. ICI, ICI ART and IVF specimens contain seminal plasma and require additional processing if used in procedures other than intracervical insemination. The specimens are resuspended and frozen in a freeze media containing a cryoprotectant that protects the cells during the freezing and thawing. Fairfax Cryobank specimens are color coded to indicate the specimen type. IUI/ IUI ART specimens are color coded with an ORANGE cap, ICI/ICI ART specimens are color coded with a RED cap, and IVF doses are color coded with a WHITE cap.

IUI ART and ICI ART vials are the same high quality donor sperm you have come  to expect from Fairfax Cryobank.  These vials are marked as “ART” because they contained a slightly lower total motile cell count (TMC) than our standard IUI and ICI vials.  The specimen quality standard for ART vials is > 6 million TMC per vial.  ART vials can be used individually or combined for insemination.

See What's in the Numbers: Explaining the Post Thaw Motility and Total Motile Cells

See What's in the Shape: Sperm Morphology


 The number of donors with IUI, ICI, and IVF specimens and the quantity of doses available on any individual donor will vary from day to day. Typically, 1-2 vials are used per procedure or cycle.  However, it is best to consult with your physician as the number you will need may vary. To ensure donor availability, we advise purchasing and storing units for future use. As a courtesy, Fairfax Cryobank does offer waitlists for donors whose doses are currently sold out and have additional doses held in quarantine. See  Waitlist FAQs

See details of our Limitations on Donor Births policy.

Donor Categories:

Fairfax Cryobank donors are separated into four categories, each defined below. Please check the Fees  schedule for differences in prices between the categories.

All donors have undergone the exact same intensive screening procedures of Fairfax Cryobank which includes a multi generational family history, physical examination, and extensive genetic and infectious disease testing. All Sperm Donors will have extensive personal information available; personal profiles, photo matching, donor essays, audio interview CDs ad childhood photos in addition to summary and medical profiles. 

FAIRFAX GRADUATE category includes anonymous and ID Option sperm donors. All donors in this category are in the process of earning or have completed a post college graduate degree. These donors include: masters level degrees, medical, dental, chiropractic, law (Juris Doctorate), veterinary, optometry, pharmacy, and Ph.D. students and graduates. The products and services available on Graduate donors are identical to the products and services available in the Fairfax category.

ANONYMOUS  category is comprised of anonymous donors who offer extensive personal information, personal profiles, photo matching, staff impressions, donor essays, audio interviews and childhood photos in addition to summary and medical profiles. You will see both Fairfax Cryobank and CLI anonymous donors available.

ID OPTION  donors agree to allow Fairfax Cryobank to share identifying information with registered offspring, 18 or older, conceived by donor insemination with their semen specimen. Adult offspring who have been registered will be the ONLY individual(s) with the authority to request identifying information and to have access to the identifying information. See more on our Fairfax Cryobank ID Option Donor Program.

Read more about our Fairfax Cryobank Privacy Policy,  that reviews our guidelines on donor anonymity.

Processing, Packaging and Freezing:

All donor sperm specimens are produced onsite at the Fairfax Cryobank facility and tracked with a 3-part tracking label to verify the donor of origin. All specimens are processed using methods to provide protection from contamination of the specimen during processing.

Before freezing, a freezing media containing a cryoprotectant buffer is added to the specimens to protect the sperm cells and membranes during the freezing, storage, and thawing process. Fairfax Cryobank completes a bioassay test of each lot of freeze media to determine its suitability before use.

After processing and addition of the freeze media, 0.5 ml aliquots of the specimen are packaged in individual vials for ICI and IUI-ready specimens, IVF specimens are processed with volumes of 0.5-1.0 ml aliquots. All vials are color-coded and labeled with the unique donor number, freeze date, vial #, and a code for the facility of origin.

After freezing, the specimen vials are stored at -196 degrees Centrigrade in liquid nitrogen tanks for 6 months quarantine. The donor is subsequently retested for infectious disease before the specimens are released for use. The liquid nitrogen tanks are specifically designed with alarm systems for safety and security of the specimens.

More is Not Always Better

We all often fall into the societal pressure to accept that more is better or bigger is better, but that isn't always the case. Sometimes there is an optimal amount, as is the case of the number of sperm required to achieve pregnancy through insemination.

At Fairfax Cryobank we have a specimen quality standard that all vials (ICI and IUI) will have a minimum of 10 million Total motile cells (TMC) per vial. We chose to put 10 million TMC per vial after careful consideration of data from laboratories at the Genetics &  IVF Institute, our parent company founded in 1983, and an extensive literature review.  Several studies demonstrate that when it comes to pregnancy rates, more is not always better. There is an observed plateau in pregnancy rates once the concentration of cells reaches 10 million. (Van Voorhis et al, 2001) & (Cressman et al, 1996). 
We have carefully calculated what we believe to the optimal concentration of cells in the specimen for the ultimate goal of bringing home a healthy happy bundle of joy.